How to Remove Acne Scars?: Types of Acne, Acne Scar & Treatment

How to remove acne scars? Once upon a time in high school, around the year 2011, I recall a sudden buzz among the girls about a new method and the existence of a terrific tool for removing blackheads and pimples. One of them would take it from their pouch and show us the amazing ‘wand.’ It turned out to be an instrument called a blackhead extractor. The problem was that many of us were unaware of the adverse effects and dangers of utilising the tool, especially since we were not professionals. As a result, people who followed the fad were left with acne scars. Now, how to remove acne scars caused by that action?

I admit that I followed the trend but did not go to the point of scarring, merely minor pigmentations (thank God). Most of my classmates, on the other hand, are the polar opposite. Years later, I would look up ‘how to remove acne scars?’ on the internet. ‘ Just to check whether it was possible. Let us forgive ourselves for fiddling with our skin when we were young and naive. Regretting will not heal your skin, but taking the next step to discover a remedy would. Acne scars do not have to be permanent; you can alter your skin’s fate as long as you live. Before we go into how to remove acne scars, we will discuss acne and acne scars types and what you may use for treatments.

acne treatment

Types of Acne

1. Whiteheads

The whitehead, which appears as a white or flesh-colored bump on your skin, is one of the most prevalent varieties of pimple. These are caused by clogged hair follicles with oil, germs, or dead skin cells. The white area represents your skin closing over the clogged pore.

2. Blackheads

Blackheads are similar to whiteheads in that they have a black spot or speck on the top of the pimple. The pore is likewise clogged with soil, bacteria, and/or dead cells in this type of skin lesion, but it hasn’t closed over. Instead, the pore is exposed to oxygen, causing the blemish to darken.

3. Papule

Small, hard, red or pink lumps may appear on your skin, sometimes in clusters that feel like rough sandpaper on top. They may also experience pain. This is because the lesions are inflammatory and infected, as a result of oil, germs, and/or dead skin cells accumulating beneath your skin’s surface. This is acne that is moderate-to-severe.

4. Pustule

Pustules are pimples that fill with pus (a yellowish fluid). They resemble whiteheads in appearance because they have a yellow or whitish top, but they also have a red ring around the head on the skin’s surface. Whiteheads are frequently less uncomfortable than blackheads. Resist the urge to go “Dr. Pimple Popper” on these (or any other lesion): Never try to extract the pus on your own. This can aggravate the acne, trigger more painful infections, and potentially result in scarring.

5. Nodules

You may have acquired nodules if you see huge, firm, red or flesh-coloured lumps on your face or body. Nodular acne is a type of severe acne that develops deep beneath the skin as a result of clogged pores causing inflammation and infection. You may also have dark marks on your skin where the inflammatory nodules are. These painful tumours may appear on your face or trunk for months at a time. They pose a danger of scarring and should be evaluated and treated by your doctor.

6. Cystic

Cystic acne can appear at times. Large, painful, pus-filled lumps, similar to boils, will appear on your face or other parts of your body. These are frequently caused by badly contaminated material that has been clogged inside the lesion. Because cystic acne can cause scarring, treat the pimples gently and avoid picking at them. (Cherney, 2019)

Types of Acne Scar

1. Boxcar Scar

Boxcar scars, like ice pick scars, are typical acne scars and a type of atrophic scar. They are often round or oval-shaped skin depressions that have an uneven and pitted texture and appearance. This form of scar is caused by an inflammatory outbreak that degrades collagen, resulting in tissue loss. When this occurs, the damaged skin area is left without support, resulting in the formation of a depressed area. Boxcar scars can range in severity from superficial to severe.

2. Ice Pick Scar

Ice pick scars are small but deep, extending into the dermis. It’s most typically found on the cheeks and gives the skin the appearance of being punctured by several sharp needles, hence the tiny holes. Ice-pick scars can be caused by cystic acne or other deeply inflammatory acnes that have destroyed skin tissues.

3. Rolling Scar

Rolling scars are large depressions that have rounded borders and a rolling appearance. Unlike boxcar scars, this one gives the person a coarser appearance, and the scars are more distinct. Angela Palmer, a licenced aesthetician specialising in acne treatment, explains that this scar develops when fibrous tissue bands grow between the epidermis and the hypodermis (the lowest 3rd layer of skin). The fibrous tissue bands will pull the epidermis together, tying it to the hypodermis. Because our top layer of skin, the epidermis, is being pulled beneath, the rolling appearance of the skin is created.

4. Hypertrophic Scar

When collagen is produced in excess in the acne spot during the healing process, hypertrophic scars form. It is a raised scar that gives your skin a bumpy appearance. These are most commonly found on the chest and back. Keloid scars are the most severe sort of raised scars, with the affected area becoming darker and irritating. (Cirino, 2019)

Products You Must Try To Remove Acne Scars

Most of the severe acne scars mentioned above would require you to see doctors and certified physicians to have them removed. Whether you’re looking for how to treat cystic acne or how to treat hormonal acne, it is best that you acknowledge that there is no “one-size-fits-all” treatment. However, there are amazing and effective products in the market that can assist you in aiding the scars of your acne. Below are the best recommendations by dermatologist.

1. Hydropeptide Spot Correction Treatment

hydropeptide product remove acne scars

The power of colloidal sulphur is used in this treatment to kill acne-causing bacteria, while lactic acid stimulates cell turnover to expedite recovery, so pimples have no chance against this potent spot serum. Unlike most spot treatments, this serum will not dry out your skin, making it the ideal recipe for a pimple-free complexion. If you’re looking for how to treat closed comedones, then this spot correction treatment will be perfect to use.

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2. Hydropeptide Redefining Facial Serum

facial serum good for acne scars

Redefining Serum has scientifically proven active components that help clear problematic skin without irritating or drying it out. Gentle exfoliants and bacteria-fighting peptides work together to promote healthy cell turnover and smoother, more even skin tone.

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3. Hydropeptide Purifying Facial Cleanser

facial cleanser

This purifying cleanser removes impurities, promotes speedy correction of flaws, and treats age indications for cleaner, brighter, more moisturised skin. This cleanser is suitable for sensitive skin and contains relaxing chamomile extract to minimise redness and inflammation. Purifying Cleanser can also be used as a treatment mask by applying a thin layer to the skin straight without adding water. Leave on for 5-10 minutes to clarify the skin.

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4. Hydropeptide Clarifying Toner Pads

toner pads remove acne scars

With rejuvenating exfoliants and bacteria-fighting herbs, these clarifying toner pads reveal healthy skin for a flawless complexion. Niacinamide helps to relax and soothe irritated skin, while azelaic and lactic acid gently boost cell turnover.

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acne treatment